Familial Tumoral Calcinosis is an inherited rare condition in which calcium is deposited in the soft tissue in periarticular location, which is the joint. The depositions happen outside the joint capsule. Tumoral Calcinosis usually occurs in people undergoing renal dialysis. Symptoms are:
• Eye abnormalities
• Pain during movement of joints
• Calcium deposits in joints
• Inflammation of long bones
• Excessive bone growth
HOW IS FAMILIAL TUMORAL CALCINOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Tumoral Calcinosis is based on the physical evaluation and the specific symptoms. Prenatal tests may be conducted by paediatricians in case of a family history of the disease. Biopsy of the tissue from the joints may be taken. CT scans and X-rays may be take to assess the condition of joints. Genetic testing may confirm diagnosis.
HOW IS FAMILIAL TUMORAL CALCINOSIS TREATED?
Treatment for Familial Tumoral Calcinosis includes intensive medication along with steroids to control the problem. Diet changes are also suggested along with surgery in some cases where permanent damage to bones is caused.
DID YOU KNOW?
Other features of FTC include eye abnormalities such as calcium buildup in the clear front covering of the eye or angioid streaks that occur when tiny breaks form in the layer of tissue at the back of the eye called Bruch's membrane. Inflammation of the long bones or excessive bone growth may occur. Some affected individuals have dental abnormalities. In males, small crystals of cholesterol can accumulate (microlithiasis) in the testicles, which usually causes no health problems.