Doctors for Eye Allergy in Yattingudda, Hubli-Dharwad
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Eye allergies are a common condition that occur when the eyes react to something that irritates them called an allergen. People who suffer from eye allergies usually have nasal allergies as well, with an itchy, stuffy nose and sneezing. Eye allergies can develop from exposure to other environmental triggers, such as pet dander, dust, pollen, smoke, perfumes, or even foods. If the exposure is ongoing, the allergies can be more severe, with significant burning and itching and even sensitivity to light.
HOW IS EYE ALLERGY DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of eye allergies depends on the symptoms and the examination by the ophthalmologist. He or she may examine your eye under the microscope for observing any swollen blood vessels. A test for determining presence of a specific white blood cell confirms diagnosis. The conjunctiva is slightly scraped off for this test
HOW IS EYE ALLERGY TREATED?
Treatment for eye allergies includes antibiotic and anti-allergen drops for the eyes. You may be asked to consume some anti-allergens too. The doctor would advise you to avoid makeup and other forms of eye products if there’s a risk of allergy from same them.
DID YOU KNOW?
Most Eye Allergy conditions are irritating than dangerous.
Eye or ocular allergy is characterized by red, itchy watery and swollen eyes. He reasons for these symptoms include:
• Indoor allergens like dust mites and stray fur from pets.
• Outdoor allergens like pollen from flowers, weeds, grass or certain types of trees.
Eye allergies usually develop when an allergen comes into contact with the conjunctiva of the eyes. Often, the symptoms of eye allergies resemble those of eye diseases. Given below a few of the major kinds of allergies of the eye:
• Seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis: SAC is the commonest type of eye allergy. It may occur in spring, summer or autumn, depending upon the kind of pollen in the air. The symptoms include redness, itching, burning of the eye, watery discharge and a runny nose, sneezing and nasal congestion as in the case of hay fever or nose allergies. Chronic dark circles are usually formed under the eyes of SAC patients.
Perennial Allergic Conjunctivitis (PAC) may occur all around the year.
• Vernal keratoconjunctivitis: More severe than SAC and PAC, vernal keratoconjunctivitis generally affects young men and boys afflicted with eczema or asthma. It causes itching, production of great quantity of tears and mucus and photophobia. If left untreated, it may lead to blindness.
• Atopic keratoconjunctivitis: With symptoms similar to vernal conjunctivitis, it usually affects old men who have a history of dermatological allergies. Unless treated on time, it may cause scarring of the cornea and its membrane.
• Contact allergic conjunctivitis: It develops because of irritation caused by wearing of contact lenses or the proteins from the tears that bind to the lens surface. It shows the symptoms of usual eye allergy including discomfort in wearing the lens.
• Giant papillary conjunctivitis: A severe form of contact allergic conjunctivitis, giant papillary conjunctivitis is caused by the wearing of contact lens. The formation of individual fluid sacs in the upper lining of the inner eyelid causes puffiness, redness, foreign body sensation, swelling of the eyelids, blurring of vision, mucous discharge and low tolerance for contact lens.
Eye allergies can be prevented on the observance of these steps:
• Close your windows and doors to shut the pollen out.
• Wear glasses or sunglasses when outdoors to prevent an irritant from coming into contact with your eyes.
• Wash your hands properly after handling pets.
• Wear gloves to dust your beds and linen to make them mite free.
Eye allergies can be treated with OTC products like decongestants, oral histamines and tear substitutes. Glaucoma patients however cannot take decongestants. It should also not be used for more than 2/3 days at a stretch by anyone. Oral antihistamines also tend to complicate the eye allergy.
Allergists may prescribe the following drugs depending upon the nature of the allergy:
• Non-sedating oral antihistamines.
• Eye drops (antihistamine, decongestant mast cell stabilizer, NSAID, corticosteroid).
Though eye allergies in children may be treated with a combination of prescription drugs and OTC medicines, seeking medical help is more preferable than erratic medication.
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