Extradural Hematoma is defined as a TBI or traumatic brain injury. It is often referred to as the epidural haemorrhage. In this case, there is buildup of blood occurring between the skull and the outer membrane of the central nervous system. Usually extreme signs of vomiting, throwing up blood, etc. are common symptoms.
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA DIAGNOSED?
Post head injury, check the level of consciousness, any signs of weakness of limbs followed with examination of eyes to look out for signs of raised pressure. Blood tests done to detect problems in blood clotting or abnormal thinning of blood. A CT scan of the head is the sure-shot way to detect the skull fracture as well as extradural haematoma.
HOW IS EXTRADURAL HEMATOMA TREATED?
Extradural Hematoma is an emergency situation that requires neuro surgery to relieve the cranial pressure by clearing the blood clot. Surgery requires drilling of a small hole in the skull to relieve pressure by making blood to flow out. Life support measures may be required. Anticonvulsant medicines need to be given for controlling seizures.
DID YOU KNOW?
It is a life threatening condition and quick treatment is the key to survival. Patients who are conscious before they have neurosurgery, death is extremely unlikely. However, patients who are unconscious before they have surgery have a poor chance of survival.