The billions of nerve cells or neurons communicate with each other using electrical impulses. When a particularly large number of neurons try to communicate at one time, it may cause a crash of sorts which is known as epilepsy and results in a seizure. A child can suffer from this condition due to a head injury, lack of oxygen in the brain, and other illnesses.
HOW IS EPILEPSY IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
It is best to consult a paediatrician or a general physician who would diagnose the illness with blood tests, neurological examinations, MRI EEG and even CT scan.
HOW IS EPILEPSY IN CHILDREN TREATED?
Medication can often prevent seizures from recurring. However, it is not prescribed for every child who has a seizure. A pediatrician or pediatric neurologist will be involved in treating the child with epilepsy. Most children with epilepsy take anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) to control their seizures. The Ketogenic diet is a medical treatment, often started alongside AEDs and is supervised by trained medical specialists and dietitians. It may be possible for some children to have surgery depending on the type of epilepsy they have and where in the brain their seizures start.
DID YOU KNOW?
At least 1 out of 5 kids in the U.S suffers from epilepsy and there is an option for multiple surgeries with kids, depending on the kind of seizure.