Eczema broadly refers to any type of skin inflammation that affects the epidermis layer of the skin. It is a chronic condition that generally begins in infancy and continues through childhood. While some people outgrow this condition, some continue to have it as they grow older. Rashes are the most common symptom with appearance on the cheeks and scalp. These rashes bubble up and may discharge fluid. These rashes are extremely itchy and can thicken over time causing a permanent itch to be developed at the affected area.
HOW IS ECZEMA DIAGNOSED?
There are some clinical tests done via dermatologists to check if the patient is actually suffering from DSAP or is it some kind of allergic reaction.
HOW IS ECZEMA TREATED?
There is no cure for atopic eczema, but treatments can ease the symptoms. Many children find their symptoms naturally improve as they get older. The goal of treatment for eczema is to relieve and prevent itching, which can lead to infection. Since the disease makes skin dry and itchy, lotions and creams are recommended to keep the skin moist. Other treatments include antihistamines to lessen severe itching, tar treatments, phototherapy and the drug cyclosporine for people whose condition doesn't respond to other treatments.
DID YOU KNOW?
People living in drier regions or cities are more likely to develop eczema and certain foods such as nuts and dairy can trigger the condition.
Have you developed red, itchy skin on your face or feet? Has it been very painful and annoying? Is it troubling your young infant? You or your child may have eczema- a condition or conditions that lead to the inflammation of your skin. It is wise to remember that eczema manifests itself differently for different people and there is no single cause or location for it. However, it is very common and usually isn’t much cause of a concern.
Let’s explore the different kinds of eczema:
• Allergic contact eczema: Also known as dermatitis, it is an inflammation of the skin that occurs when a foreign object comes in contact with the immune system
• Contact eczema: A skin reaction that occurs when it comes into contact with an allergen
• Dyshidriotic eczema: This leads to the formation of blisters on the palms and soles of the feet
• Neuro dermatitis: Caused by a localized itch such as from an insect bite, leading to scaly patches of skin on the scalp, wrists, lower legs, etc.
• Nummular eczema: This forms circular patches of irritated skin that may be crusty and itchy
• Seborrheic eczema: Usually found on the scalp and face where yellowish and oily patches of skin are seen
• Stasis dermatitis: Caused by issues with the circulatory system, skin irritation is seen in the lower legs
If you’ve had a kind of eczema that occurred on your legs, it is not necessary for it to appear there again. The inflammation may appear at different areas at different times. Sometimes the itch is easy to bear or moderate, but sometimes it is so aggravated that it leads to a highly inflamed skin. The itch makes you feel like scratching, causing the skin to break and worsen the eczema. Here’s what you should look out for:
• Dry, sensitive skin
• Inflamed skin
• Bad itching
• Dark colored skin patches
• Coarse, scaly patches of skin
• Crusting or Oozing
• Swollen areas
The best starting point is to try and manage eczema by adapting your lifestyle in such a way that it doesn’t get in your way. Knowing all about the triggers that can make it flare up again will help a lot. Keep up a proper skin care regime, with complete personal hygiene. Talk it out with your doctor to find a treatment option that works with the kind of eczema you have.
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