Eczema is a skin condition that creates inflammation which leads to itching, dryness and a scaly appearance with red patches. It can afflict children as well as adults. It can be of many types and is a chronic skin condition which begins to show symptoms from childhood onwards. The lesions are mostly found in the folds of the skin.
HOW IS ECZEMA DIAGNOSED?
Symptoms differ from person to person and hence there is no one test to diagnose the condition. Patch test, skin prick test and food challenge tests may be used by a general physician if he suspects eczema based on your symptoms.
HOW IS ECZEMA TREATED?
The treatment will generally focus on retaining the proper moisture content of the patient’s skin with the prescription of emollients too, which can help in preventing inflammation that leads to itching and dryness.
DID YOU KNOW?
Eczema caused by fungi and scabies is contagious
Have you developed red, itchy skin on your face or feet? Has it been very painful and annoying? Is it troubling your young infant? You or your child may have eczema- a condition or conditions that lead to the inflammation of your skin. It is wise to remember that eczema manifests itself differently for different people and there is no single cause or location for it. However, it is very common and usually isn’t much cause of a concern.
Let’s explore the different kinds of eczema:
• Allergic contact eczema: Also known as dermatitis, it is an inflammation of the skin that occurs when a foreign object comes in contact with the immune system
• Contact eczema: A skin reaction that occurs when it comes into contact with an allergen
• Dyshidriotic eczema: This leads to the formation of blisters on the palms and soles of the feet
• Neuro dermatitis: Caused by a localized itch such as from an insect bite, leading to scaly patches of skin on the scalp, wrists, lower legs, etc.
• Nummular eczema: This forms circular patches of irritated skin that may be crusty and itchy
• Seborrheic eczema: Usually found on the scalp and face where yellowish and oily patches of skin are seen
• Stasis dermatitis: Caused by issues with the circulatory system, skin irritation is seen in the lower legs
If you’ve had a kind of eczema that occurred on your legs, it is not necessary for it to appear there again. The inflammation may appear at different areas at different times. Sometimes the itch is easy to bear or moderate, but sometimes it is so aggravated that it leads to a highly inflamed skin. The itch makes you feel like scratching, causing the skin to break and worsen the eczema. Here’s what you should look out for:
• Dry, sensitive skin
• Inflamed skin
• Bad itching
• Dark colored skin patches
• Coarse, scaly patches of skin
• Crusting or Oozing
• Swollen areas
The best starting point is to try and manage eczema by adapting your lifestyle in such a way that it doesn’t get in your way. Knowing all about the triggers that can make it flare up again will help a lot. Keep up a proper skin care regime, with complete personal hygiene. Talk it out with your doctor to find a treatment option that works with the kind of eczema you have.
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