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Doctors for Diphtheria in Gopankoppa, Hubli-Dharwad
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Diphtheria is a serious bacterial infection that affects the mucous membranes of the throat and nose. Although it spreads easily from one person to another, diphtheria can be prevented through the use of vaccines. The initial symptoms of diphtheria are flu-like but worsen to include fever, swallowing problems, hoarseness, enlarged lymph nodes, coughing, and shortness of breath, some patients may have skin involvement, producing skin ulcers.
HOW IS DIPHTHERIA DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a physical exam and look inside your mouth. This may reveal a gray to black covering (pseudomembrane) in the throat, enlarged lymph glands, and swelling of the neck or vocal cords. The other tests that are recommended by the doctor are:
• Gram stain or throat culture to identify the diphtheria bacteria
• Toxin assay (to detect the presence of the toxin made by the bacteria)
• Electrocardiogram (ECG)
HOW IS DIPHTHERIA TREATED?
Diphtheria is a serious infection hence quick treatment is a must. The treatment begins with administering of antitoxin injections such as penicillin. You may be hospitalized to avoid the spread of the infection as it is highly contagious.
DID YOU KNOW?
Diphtheria is preventable with the use of antibiotics and vaccines.