Diabetes in children is a condition in which the child's pancreas no longer produces the insulin that the child needs to survive, and it will be required to replace the missing insulin. The various symptoms are:
• Unexplained weight loss
• Hungry or thirsty, even after eating
• Dry mouth
• Frequent urination
• Blurred vision
• Heavy breathing
• Slow healing of sores or cuts
• Itchy skin
• Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
HOW IS DIABETES IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of this condition is done by a paediatrician who will conduct screening tests like a random blood test and a glycated haemoglobin test or the AC1 test. These tests will help the doctor in finding the blood sugar level in the oxygen carrying proteins, or hemoglobins, present in the red blood cells.
HOW IS DIABETES IN CHILDREN TREATED?
A paediatrician suggests the following to treat diabetes in children: 1. Medications such as insulin at doses specific for the age of the child or glucose tablets as recommended 2. Healthy eating 3. Physical activity 4. Flexibility in eating habits 5. Proper sleep A pancreatic transplant may be recommended in severe and rare cases
DID YOU KNOW?
Federal law protects children with diabetes, and schools must make reasonable accommodations ensure that all children get a proper education.