Dental Fluorosis s a condition caused by overexposure of teeth to fluorine. The overexposure usually occurs during the first eight years of life, which is the time permanent teeth are formed. Teeth affected by fluorosis appear discoloured. Symptoms are:
• Lacy white markings on teeth
• Stains ranging from yellow to brown
• Irregular surface
• Obvious pits on teeth
HOW IS DENTAL FLUOROSIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is usually carried out by the dentist or a dental hygienist. A physical examination will help in revealing the spread of the condition. The doctor may also ask questions pertaining to the toothpaste being used as well as the fluoride levels in the drinking water.
HOW IS DENTAL FLUOROSIS TREATED?
In many cases, fluorosis is so mild that no treatment is needed. Or, it may only affect the back teeth where it can't be seen. The appearance of teeth affected by moderate-to-severe fluorosis can be significantly improved by a variety of techniques. Most of them are aimed at masking the stains. Such techniques may include: 1.Tooth whitening and other procedures to remove surface stains, note that bleaching teeth may temporarily worsen the appearance of fluorosis. 2. Bonding, which coats the tooth with a hard resin that bonds to the enamel 3.Crowns 4.Veneers, which are custom-made shells that cover the front of the teeth to improve their appearance, these are used in cases of severe fluorosis. 5.MI Paste, a calcium phosphate product that is sometimes combined with methods like microabrasion to minimize tooth discoloration
DID YOU KNOW?
Dental fluorosis is a common condition in areas where water contains more fluorides