Colorectal or Colon Cancer refers to a state where a malignant tumour hits the inner wall of the large intestine. This can be caused due to a build up of colon polyps as well as a family history of the same. It is the third most common type of cancer that affects cancer patients.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Regular screening is a must for people who have a family history of this disease, because the symptoms do not usually show up in time. The diagnosis will be done by an oncologist with the help of a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy, which will be followed by a biopsy of the cancer growth and tissue retrieved from the site.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER TREATED?
Treatment of this cancer is done by an oncology specialist who would evaluate the form and stage of the cancer. Surgery is the most common treatment method here which includes removal of polyps. Radiation and chemotherapy may follow.
DID YOU KNOW?
The entire process would include a team of specialised doctors to manage colorectal cancer. These doctors are:
• A gastroenterologist: a doctor who treats disorders of the gastrointestinal (digestive) tract
• A surgical oncologist (oncologic surgeon): a doctor who uses surgery to treat cancer
• A colorectal surgeon: a doctor who uses surgery to treat diseases of the colon and rectum
• A radiation oncologist: a doctor who treats cancer with radiation therapy
• A medical oncologist: a doctor who treats cancer with medicines such as chemotherapy or targeted therapy