This cancer affects the bone marrow of the child. It may cause the bone marrow to produce excessive under developed lymphocytes, which are basically a kind of white blood cell. The symptoms include persistent fever and bruising. This condition also affects the red blood cells and platelets apart from the white blood cells.
HOW IS CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Paediatricians conduct a thorough physical examination and evaluate the patient and family history during diagnosis. Common diagnosis methods for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia are complete blood test with differential, blood chemistry studies, imaging tests, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy and cytogenetic analysis
HOW IS CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA TREATED?
Combination chemotherapy along with radiation is used as the standard treatment options during the three stages of treatment – the induction phase, the consolidation phase and the maintenance phase.
DID YOU KNOW?
Because, cancers are rare in paediatrics, there are also several clinical trials that can be considered as a treatment option. These clinical trials, however, allow only those children who haven’t undergone any treatment as this increases the chances of success for the trial.