Chickenpox (varicella), a viral illness characterized by a very itchy red rash, is one of the most common infectious diseases of childhood. The symptom of chickenpox is an uncomfortable, itchy rash. The rash turns into fluid-filled blisters and eventually into scabs. It usually shows up on the face, chest, and back and then spreads to the rest of the body. Other symptoms are fever, headache, tiredness and loss of appetite.
HOW IS CHICKENPOX DIAGNOSED?
Chicken pox should not usually need any medical tests to diagnose if there are the key symptoms of a mild fever followed by an itchy rash, with blisters and scabs. It is self-diagnosable at home.
HOW IS CHICKENPOX TREATED?
Aciclovir is an anti viral drug that may be prescribed by the general surgeon for adults and pregnant women in particular, for relief from the painful symptoms of the condition. Also, a medicated calamine cream or ointment can be prescribed for relief from itching and soothing of sores.
DID YOU KNOW?
People who have had chickenpox almost always develop lifetime immunity and are unlikely to get it again. However, the virus remains dormant in the body and it can reactivate later in life and cause shingles in a few cases.
What is chicken pox?
Chickenpox is a very contagious disease. It is also called varicella. Chickenpox is caused by varicella zoster virus. It generally forms small itchy rash and later evolves into blisters. It starts occurring on the back, chest, face and later spreads to the rest of the body. Chickenpox is an airborne disease that spreads by coming in close proximity to an infected person. It can also spread if an infected person coughs or sneezes near you. Coming in contact with the blisters of the infected person can also cause chicken pox.
Symptoms of chickenpox:
1. The early symptoms of chickenpox include nausea and loss of appetite.
2. Headache occurs and your muscles start to ache immensely.
3. Oral sores, rash and low to mid-range fever are also symptoms of chickenpox.
4. Rash and spots start to occur in the oral cavity.
5. In 10 to 12 hours the rash starts to turn into blisters, bumps and pustules.
6. Immense pain in the chest and difficulty in breathing (this symptoms can be rare).
7. Dehydration is also a symptom of chickenpox.
8. Feeling of unusual tiredness.
Chicken pox vaccines are readily available and should be given to each and every person to prevent an outbreak of chickenpox. The chickenpox vaccine is called a varicella vaccine because the virus which causes chicken pox is called varicella zoster virus. The vaccine from the virus cannot cause a disease but it does trigger a response from the immune system. Before the varicella vaccine was formed, nearly 100 people died each year due to chickenpox. Two doses of chickenpox virus should be given to children under the age of 13.
How to prevent chicken pox?
Chickenpox prevention is very important. There are ways in which you can prevent your loved ones from getting chickenpox by following some prevention tips such as:
1. Getting a chickenpox vaccine is highly important for chicken pox prevention.
2. If someone you know has chicken pox, try not to come in close proximity to them, cover your mouth if they sneeze or cough in front of you. Also don't expose your children to infected people.
3. Since chicken pox is also spread by droplets of saliva which can be released by infected people, it is better to cover your mouth with a handkerchief while going out in public.
4. Avoid shaking hands with people who have been infected with chickenpox. This measure is extremely important for chicken pox prevention.
5. If you have already been infected with chickenpox, you should avoid boarding a flight so that the infection doesn't spread.
Chicken pox treatment:
1. Use Acetaminophen medication to reduce the fever.
2. Avoid taking an aspirin.
3. You should see a general physician as soon as you start noticing these symptoms.
4. Consume painkillers like paracetamol to relieve pain.
5. Immunoglobulin treatment is considered effective in the chicken pox treatment
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