Doctors for Candidiasis in Anand Nagar, Hubli-Dharwad
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Candidiasis, is a fungal infection, caused by the overgrowth of an organism known as Candida albicans. These usually present on human body in smaller numbers which do not cause any illness. But certain medications and poor immunity can some times make them multiply specially in warm and moist sites of the body such as skin, genitals, mouth, throat and blood. The main types of candidiasis include, oral candidiasis/ oral thrush (mouth. throat or pharynx), genital candidiasis ( vulvovaginal yeast infection in women), diaper rash in babies' bottom area and invasive candidiasis if the organisms invade the blood stream. Common symptoms of oral candidiasis include, white spots inside mouth and on tongue, redness in the affected area, sore throat, difficulty in swallowing and cracks at the corners of mouth. Male patients who have been affected with genital candidiasis will complain of red rash on the penis with an itching or burning sensation on the tip of the penis while female patients will complain of redness, soreness in the area with a thick and creamy, cottage cheese like discharge through the vagina. Babies, with diaper rash will have dark red patches on skin in the diaper area specially in the fold of skin near thighs. Some will get yellow, fluid filled blisters which will open up and become flaky. Candedemia, where candida have invaded the person's blood stream, is usually due to poor immunity. These kinds of patients will have very vague systemic symptoms and fever with chills and rigors despite of a course of antibiotics. Patients who have been in the hospital ICU, had a surgery, central line (catheter) recently, are also likely to get the condition.
HOW IS CANDIDIASIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will likely be able to make a diagnosis simply by performing a physical examination. Also a skin culture may be performed to check for the presence of the bacteria called candida.
HOW IS CANDIDIASIS TREATED?
Candidiasis of the skin can usually be treated with home remedies, the most important of which is proper hygiene. Washing the skin regularly and drying the skin thoroughly can prevent the skin from becoming too moist. Since abnormal blood sugar levels can contribute to the development of Candida infections, keeping your blood sugar under control may also help relieve symptoms. Medicines may be prescribed for relief from pain and infection. An antifungal cream or powder that can be applied to your skin may be suggested to reduce infection from spreading.
DID YOU KNOW?
It’s possible for the infection to return in the future. People with compromised immune systems, especially people who are undergoing chemotherapy and those with HIV or AIDS, are at a much higher risk of severe or life-threatening Candida infections.