Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called Brucella. The bacteria can spread from animals to humans. It is a highly contagious zoonosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals, or close contact with their secretions. The symptoms are severe abdominal and back pain, fever, headache, pain in joints, weakness, sweating, loss of apetite, etc.
HOW IS BRUCELLOSIS DIAGNOSED?
The general practitioner will perform a physical exam and gather details of any contact with animals or possibly eaten dairy products that were not pasteurized. Tests are recommended for further diagnosis are:
• Blood culture
• Bone marrow culture
• Urine culture
• CSF (spinal fluid) culture
• Serology (blood test) for brucellosis antigen
• Biopsy and culture of specimen from affected organ
HOW IS BRUCELLOSIS TREATED?
Brucellosis is usually treated with antibiotics and medicines for almost 6 weeks. The symptoms may come and go for years. Also, the illness can come back after a long period of not having symptoms.
DID YOU KNOW?
Severe Brucellosis may affect the central nervous system, the lining of the heart and valves and the liver.