Birth defects are usually caused when the baby is in the womb and can occur due to a series of reasons like lifestyle choices, genetics, excessive use of medicines and chemicals during pregnancy and others. These defects may affect the functioning of various organs and senses, or they can affect the appearance of the baby.
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS DIAGNOSED?
Some birth defects like cleft lip are structural problems, hence can be easily seen. Others like heart defects require special tests. Many birth defects can be diagnosed during pregnancy through prenatal ultrasounds. For in-depth screening, blood tests and amniocentesis may also be performed by Gynecologist.
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS TREATED?
The treatment options vary depending on the condition and level of severity. Some birth defects can be corrected before or shortly after birth. Other defects may remain for lifetime. Severe birth defects, such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida, can cause long-term disability or death. Medicines and surgeries are other ways of treatment for birth defects.
DID YOU KNOW?
Birth defects are unavoidable but gene mutations help reduce these