Autism, is a lifelong developmental disability that affects the way a person communicates socially, and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them. The exact cause of autism is still being investigated. However, research suggests that a combination of factors – genetic and environmental – may account for the disorder.
HOW IS AUTISM DIAGNOSED?
A pediatrician commonly performs a preliminary investigation by taking developmental history and physically examining the child. Diagnosis and evaluations are also conducted with a psychiatrist, observing and assessing cognitive, communication, family and other factors using standardization tools.
HOW IS AUTISM TREATED?
Having a child with autism requires taking a proactive approach to learning about the condition and its treatment while working closely with others involved in your child's care. Since there is no cure for autism, one needs to prepare for the many challenges of having a child with autism.
DID YOU KNOW?
Gluten free diet may improve some autistic behaviour
What is autism?
Asperger's syndrome, a subtype of autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting mostly children in which the person faces difficulty in communicating and socializing. Children show restricted interests and repetitive behaviours. Also commonly known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, the number of children with cases of autism is increasing day by day. There are no complete cure to autism, but early treatment can help in improving the lives of the affected. Children affected with Asperger have the following difficulties:
• Social interaction
• Rigidity in thinking
• Difficulty in concentrating
• Getting engaged in repetitive behaviour
What causes Asperger's?
Mostly autism is caused due to certain changes in the brain. The exact cause of this change is however not known. But genetic factors and certain environmental factors are supposed to be the cause of Asperger. Also boys are more likely to get affected than girls.
What are the symptoms of Asperger?
Children with autism spectrum or Asperger usually show signs at an early age. However each child shows different behaviours and the level of severity of the condition also varies. Some of the autism symptoms are as follows:
Social interaction and communication
• Unsuccessful in responding to his/her name
• Lacking facial expression
• Improper eye contact
• Speech problem or delayed speech
• Failing to start a conversation
• Failing to express emotions and feelings
• Does not involve in sharing things with others
• Often becomes aggressive or disruptive
Pattern of behaviour
• Moves continuously
• Sometimes uncooperative
• Does not accept change
• Performs repetitive movements
Many children are slow in gaining knowledge and adjusting to skills and generally has lesser intelligence level. While in others level of intelligence is generally higher than the normal level.
A single autistic test do not help in diagnosing a child with autism. Continuous observation of the child are recommended. Following are certain things to look out for:
• Language development
• Facial expressions while talking
• Interest in interacting with others
• Social interaction
How is Asperger treated?
There are no complete cure to autism but certain medications and therapies helps in relieving the signs and symptoms.
Programmes are conducted to teach new skills and improve the problem behaviours. Some teach children on how to react to difficult situations and communicate with others.
Highly structured educational programmes are conducted to teach the students about educational skills. Proper training can help in improving the intellects of the children.
Family members can help in improving communication, improve social interaction skills, control the problem behaviours and help in teaching daily skills and ways to communicate.
Though there are no specific drugs to cure the problem but certain medicines can help in controlling the symptoms. Antidepressant for anxiety and antipsychotic drugs can be taken to improve the conditions.
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