When there is a hole in the wall that sits between the two upper chambers of your heart, the condition is usually known as ASD or Atrial Septal Defect. This can cause damage to the heart and lungs in the long run. The symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, palpitations and skipped heart beats, as well as swelling of the legs and feet.
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DIAGNOSED?
The various test involved in the diagnosis are: • Physical exam • Echocardiogram • Cardiac catheterization • Coronary angiography • Doppler study of the heart • Heart MRI • Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT TREATED?
Medications won't repair the hole, but may be used to reduce the symptoms. Surgery is the only treatment to repair the hole in the heart. An open heart surgery is recommended to close the hole in the heart wall.
DID YOU KNOW?
People affected with ASD are at a risk of many other complications that are heart failure, infections, high blood pressure, stroke, etc. There is no known way to prevent the defect. Some of the complications can be prevented with early detection.