Atrial Septal Defect is a congenital heart disease which is characterized by blood flow between the atria of the heart. This is caused by the absence of or by a defective septum that separates the two upper chambers of the heart. In this defect, the oxygen rich blood from the left side mixes with the oxygen-poor blood on the right side. Atrial septal defect symptoms may include: • Fatigue and shortness of breath • Frequent lung infections • Skipped heart beats • Heart palpitations • Swelling of legs, abdomen or feet • Heart murmur
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DIAGNOSED?
The cardiologist you visit can diagnose the condition with the help of an Electrocardiogram or ECG, as well as an X Ray of the chest, a cardiac catheterisation, Echocardiography, and even imaging methods like an MRI or CT Scan.
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT TREATED?
Pediatricians may recommend parents of a child with atrial septal defect to wait and watch if the septum closes on its own. In some cases, surgical treatment during childhood may be suggested to avoid complications when they grow up into adults. Medication may be administered to address the symptoms. Surgical treatments include cardiac catheterization and open heart surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Recent studies have invented methods to treat fetus with atrial septal defect by performing correction surgery in the womb itself