As a baby develops in the womb, a wall (called the interatrial septum) forms, that divides the upper chamber into a left and right atrium. An abnormal formation of this wall can result in a hole that remains after birth. This is called an atrial septal defect, or ASD. The symptoms are difficulty in breathing, frequent respiratory infections, palpitations and shortness of breath.
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DIAGNOSED?
Echocardiogram, Chest X Ray, Electrocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, MRI and CT scan are some of the methods used to diagnose ASD.
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT TREATED?
Anticoagulants and beta blockers can be prescribed by the cardiologist for this condition. Also, medical monitoring is required so as to keep a close check so that the situation does not turn into a stroke. Open heart surgery and other procedures can also be used in such cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
This condition can shorten the lifespan of the patient.