A person with Speech Disorders is unable to produce sound that helps in word formation. Stuttering, apraxia and dysarthria are some of the notable speech disorders. Injury of brain, vocal cords, stroke, muscle or respiratory weakness, polyps or medical conditions such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oral cancer and dementia can be the causes that may affect speech. The symptoms usually include repetitions or addition of extra of sound, hoarseness, blinking while talking, frequent pauses while talking, sound distortion, etc.
HOW IS SPEECH DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician may recommend specialist for diagnosing the condition. The Denver articulation screening examination is the most commonly used testing system to diagnose speech disorders. This test evaluates the clarity in pronunciation in children between the ages of 2 and 7. Other tests include the Early Language Milestones Scale 2 and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test.
HOW IS SPEECH DISORDERS TREATED?
Treatment for speech disorders includes seeing a professional speech therapist. In case of some obstruction, there is an option for surgery to. Exercises are also given to strengthen the muscles of the throat and mouth for better speech.
DID YOU KNOW?
Early treatment improves the condition and prevents it from getting worse.