Sleep disorders in children and adolescents are common, even infants may have sleep disorders. Studies have shown that poor sleep quality and/or quantity in children are associated with a host of problems, including academic, behavioral, developmental and social difficulties, weight abnormalities, and other health problems. The types of disorder are:
• Sleep apnea
• REM sleep behavior disorder
• Periodic limb movement disorder
• Sleep paralysis
• Enuresis (bedwetting)
• Nightmares/sleep terrors
• Delayed sleep phase syndrome
HOW IS PEDIATRIC SLEEP DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Symptoms that call for a sleep evaluation can include:
• Excessive snoring
• Lapses in breathing/gasping for air
• Bed wetting in children older than 6 years old
• Multiple nighttime arousals
• Difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep
• Restless sleep
• Unusual movements/behavior during sleep
• A decline in school performance
• Excessive drowsiness/daytime sleepiness
• Sleep walking
• Sudden inability to move
HOW IS PEDIATRIC SLEEP DISORDERS TREATED?
Treatment for Pediatric Sleep Disorders include establishing healthy sleeping patterns and encouraging activities during the day. Child-naps during afternoon might be taken off the schedule. Also, in some cases, mild sedatives could be given to help induce better sleep, especially with issues like ADHD.
DID YOU KNOW?
Some pediatric sleep disorders are serious enough to cause adverse cardiovascular and metabolic effects