Injuries are the most common cause of knee problems. Sudden (acute) injuries may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or from abnormal twisting, bending the knee, or falling on the knee. Pain, bruising, or swelling may be severe and develop within minutes of the injury. Nerves or blood vessels may be pinched or damaged during the injury. The knee or lower leg may feel numb, weak, or cold, tingle, or look pale or blue. The common knee injuries are:
• Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries
• Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
• Collateral Ligament Injuries
• Meniscal Tears
• Tendon Tears
HOW IS KNEE INJURIES DIAGNOSED?
Knee injuries are diagnosed by the physician on the basis of medical history, physical examination, and sometimes the use of X-rays or MRIs.
HOW IS KNEE INJURIES TREATED?
The type of treatment for the knee injury depends on the type of injury and its severity. For a fracture or knee dislocation, the doctor may recommend immobilization of the knee by placing it in a cast or a brace. For mild inflammation a cold compress may be applied for pain relief. Over the counter painkillers may be given for relief from pain. Surgery may be required for severe injuries
DID YOU KNOW?
If the knee is stressed from a specific direction, then the ligament trying to hold it in place against that force can stretch or tear. These injuries are called sprains. Sprains are graded as first, second, or third degree based upon how much damage has occurred.