Proper new born baby care is extremely important for ensuring the well-being of the infant. At the time of delivery, the umbilical cord is cut and clamped near the navel. This ends the baby's dependence on the placenta for oxygen and nutrition and promotes breathing through the lungs. Some babies have excess amounts of fluid in their lungs. Stimulating the baby to cry by massage and stroking the skin can help bring the fluid up where it can be suctioned from the nose and mouth. The baby is wiped with cotton to clear any remains of amniotic sac and blood on his body. The newborn wet from the amniotic fluid, should be dried using warm blankets and heat lamps. The baby's head and feet are covered to prevent rapid heat loss. A brief, physical examination is performed to check for vital signs and bodily functions. Before a baby leaves the delivery area, identification bracelets are placed on the baby. The infant is carried to the nursery where some other tests are performed including measurement of the temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate, measurement of weight, length, and head circumference and cord care. Footprints are often taken and recorded in the medical record. Post delivery care also includes necessary inoculation against diseases like diphtheria and polio. Some babies develop jaundice after birth and may require phototherapy to relieve the symptoms. Neo-natal care becomes necessary for infants that experience trauma during delivery. Once a baby's temperature has stabilized, the first bath can be given. Newborn care and treatment are necessary to ensure healthy infants.
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