Surgery is usually the treatment option for many cancers. Some patients may be treated with surgery, while others may also have to take radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Depending on the type and stage of head and neck cancer the doctor will suggest surgery. Vocal cord stripping, laser surgery, cordectomy, laryngectomy –partial or total are some of the head and neck surgeries routinely performed due to cancer. Doctors decide on the type of surgery depending on the cancer and its type, size, location, grade and stage of tumour. They also plan for possible side effects from surgery and coordinate with other specialists, along with nutritionists, rehabilitation therapists etc. The duration of the treatment depends on the kind of surgery the patient has undergone and the time to recover. It will also depend on how the patient responds to the treatment and if further complications do not arise. Many cancers of the head and neck region can be cured if they are diagnosed early. However, the main treatment options are radiation, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Surgery helps in removing tumours and tissues in the surrounding areas. The side effects can be swelling in the mouth and throat area. Radiation is given to kill cancer cell using high energy X-rays. Chemotherapy is to destroy cancer cells using drugs. Targeted therapy is to target the cancer's specific genes, proteins or tissue that contributes to cancer growth. Recovery from cancer is not always possible.
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