Surgery is one of the treatments for cancer of head and neck. Surgery is the only way to remove cancer completely. Otherwise, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also some of the options of treatment. The way a particular head and neck cancer behaves depends on the site in which it arises. For instance, the cancer that begins in the vocal cord behaves differently than the one that begins in the tongue. An oncologist treats the cancer. Head and neck cancer specialist usually form a multi disciplinary team. The team often includes a –Medical oncologist- who treats cancer with medication. A Radiation oncologist- who specializes in giving radiation therapy to treat cancer, Surgical oncologist- specializes in treating cancer by surgery, Plastic reconstruction surgeon, a Maxillofacialprosthodontist- who specializes to perform restorative surgery in the areas of head and neck, an Otolaryngologist- specializes in ear, nose and throat, an Oncologist dentist- or oral oncologist expertise in caring for people with head and neck cancer an a physical therapist. These surgeons perform surgeries such as neck dissection to remove the lymph nodes in one or both sides of the neck. Reconstructive surgery is done if the operation involves removing tissue that is important for speech. The tissue from other part of the body is taken to replace this tissue. This method is known as flap. Cancer in jawbone is also treated similarly. If the bones from the face, such as cheekbone or palate are removed, an artificial replacement called prosthesis is done. The goal for treatment for head or neck cancer is to control the disease but prevention of the affected area is also done.
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