Nephrolithiasis is the process of formation of kidney stones. Nephrolithiasis causes the formation of renal calculus, which in turn causes pain and blood in urine. Formation of big stones causes blockage of the ureter, leading to pain. Symptoms are:
• Excruciating, intermittent pain that radiates from flank to groin
• Renal colic
• Urinary urgency
• Blood in urine
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
A Nephrologists/General Physician diagnoses Nephrolithiasis by conducting a blood test and urine test to monitor the condition of the kidneys. Also, the doctor may also conduct imaging tests such as CT scan.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS TREATED?
The treatment consists of high fluid intake, dietary sodium restriction, and thiazide diuretics. An additional benefit of thiazide diuretics is that their chronic use is associated with preservation of bone mineral density. Dietary calcium restriction is not advised because of the potential for negative calcium balance and because a low-calcium diet increases the gastrointestinal absorption of oxalate and increased oxaluria. In hypercalcemic hypercalciuric stone-forming patients, the cause of the hypercalcemia should be sought and corrected. Correcting the metabolic acidosis in RTA and inflammatory bowel disease increases the urinary citrate excretion, an inhibitor of crystallization, and lessens the urinary calcium excretion.
DID YOU KNOW?
Along with the above, homeopathy is also known to provide respite from this problem. The treatment may take longer but is very effective in shrinking the stones and obstruction.