Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is a disorder of cartilage and bone development primarily affecting the ends of the long bones in the arms and legs (epiphyses). There are two types of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, which can be distinguished by their pattern of inheritance. Both the dominant and recessive types have relatively mild signs and symptoms, including joint pain that most commonly affects the hips and knees, early-onset arthritis, and a waddling walk. Although some people with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia have mild short stature as adults, most are of normal height. The majority of individuals are diagnosed during childhood, however, some mild cases may not be diagnosed until adulthood.
HOW IS MULTIPLE EPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA DIAGNOSED?
An Orthopedic Surgeon diagnoses Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia based on the radiographic findings of the body, detailed patient history, clinical evaluation and other specialized tests.
HOW IS MULTIPLE EPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA TREATED?
Treatment is focused on reducing the specific symptoms. Standard physical therapy may help with the overall prognosis. Pain management is more of a challenge and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
About 50 percent of individuals with recessive multiple epiphyseal dysplasia are born with at least one abnormal feature, including an inward- and upward-turning foot (clubfoot), an opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), an unusual curving of the fingers or toes (clinodactyly), or ear swelling. An abnormality of the kneecap called a double-layered patella is also relatively common.