Kearns-Sayre Syndrome is a problem that is characterised with PEO or progressive external ophthalmoplegia. Though this problem is related to the eye area, the common symptoms of the same include deafness, cerebellar ataxia and heart block. It is not a very common disease and is blamed on the genetics.
HOW IS KEARNS-SAYRE SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Kearns-Sayre Syndrome is based on symptoms and family history. A ophthalmologist conducts a thorough physical examination of the eye and evaluate your medical and family history. Specialized tests are conducted to confirm diagnosis. Heart blocks due to the disease can be detected through electrocardiogram. A muscle biopsy is conducted for detecting presence of deleted mtDNA
HOW IS KEARNS-SAYRE SYNDROME TREATED?
Treatment here would include check up with your doctor on a regular basis. In case of people who suffer from an acute blockage of the heart, some kind of devices like the pacemaker/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator are suggested of managing the problem. Surgery is an option but comes with high risks.
DID YOU KNOW?
Most cases of KSS are a result of spontaneous deletion of a large amount of genetic material found in the DNA of mitochondria (mtDNA). In most cases, the condition is inherited from the mother.