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Gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying, is a disorder that slows or stops the movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine. It can be caused by damage to the vagus nerve, which regulates the digestive system. A damaged vagus nerve prevents the muscles in the stomach and intestine from functioning, preventing food from moving through the digestive system properly. The primary symptoms of gastroparesis are nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
HOW IS GASTROPARESIS DIAGNOSED?
For diagnosing Gastroparesis, the General Physician or an Urologist will first conduct an examination and have the blood sugar levels checked. But a more reliable diagnostic test for this condition is Barium X-ray test. Gastric manometry and Electrogastrography are other specialized tests to detect Gastroparesis.
HOW IS GASTROPARESIS TREATED?
There is no cure and the condition is rather chronic. Medications such as erythromycin and reglan can be used to control the symptoms. People with diabetes are advised to manage their blood sugar levels to manage this condition.
DID YOU KNOW?
Certain health conditions can make it harder for the stomach to empty, increasing your chances of developing gastroparesis. The risk factors include:
• diabetes mellitus
• some cancer treatments
• eating disorders, like anorexia and bulimia
• hypothyroidism or an overactive thyroid
• Parkinson’s disease
• medications that make the stomach empty more slowly