Asthma is a medical condition that is characterized by respiratory complications. Asthma can begin at any age; however, most children develop symptoms before the age of 5. Some of the common symptoms include frequent coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, fatigue and tiredness.
HOW IS ASTHMA IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
Clinical diagnosis is done by evaluating the medical and family history of the child. A pulmonologist may order for breathing tests like spirometry if the child is old enough. Another test is the exhaled nitric oxide test, which is an indicator for airway inflammation. Impulse oscillometry is used for diagnosis of asthma in very young children.
HOW IS ASTHMA IN CHILDREN TREATED?
The treatment prescribed by the pediatrician or pulmonary specialist can include inhaled corticosteroids, cromolyn, leukotriene modifiers and other medication.
DID YOU KNOW?
Asthma is the leading cause of chronic illness in children. It affects about 7million children in the United States and, for unknown reasons, is steadily increasing.