Smoking cessation is described as a condition when a regular smoker tries to quit smoking. The fact is that smoking can be extremely devastating for the health of the smoker. Also, the people around him can get affected due to passive smoking. That being said, quitting smoking is an ideal case from health perspective. However, the habit of smoking causes a lot of withdrawal symptoms when the smoker quits due to addiction to nicotine. This depends largely on how dependent the person is on tobacco. The symptoms can range from mild to severe including headache, nausea, depression and others.
HOW IS SMOKING CESSATION DIAGNOSED?
Pulmonologists first determine the damage done due to smoking habit. For this the status of the heart and lungs are evaluated through imaging and blood tests. The doctor may also evaluate your medical history during diagnosis
HOW IS SMOKING CESSATION TREATED?
Treatment is based on self will and determination. Nicotine replacement therapy may be needed. Stress management and relaxing techniques along with counselling will help with the treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death across the world
Smoking cessation treatment involves measures and medication that is prescribed to an individual who wants to quit smoking. Smoking can cause heart ailments, coronary diseases, lung diseases and even cancer. In spite of being well aware of the health hazards, smokers find it difficult to quit. This is because the nicotine found in the tobacco products is addictive. Smoking cessation programs aim to reduce dependency on nicotine. They are structured to help the individual in his resolve to quit. Treatment programs provide all round support in smoking cessation. The first step is to raise medical awareness about the unhealthy consequences of smoking. A detailed schedule is chalked out which includes the day to quit, a plan to remove ease of access to tobacco products and the alternatives to control the urge. The program has support groups which offer to counsel individual patients and also provide daily motivation. Smoking cessation aids/treatments are effectively employed to curb the addiction. On the advice of your doctor, you can choose a suitable treatment in accordance with your age, medical condition, and preference. Nicotine replacement treatment is available as patches, chewing gum, inhalators or tablets. They reduce the craving by releasing a small amount of nicotine in the body. It also helps to manage the withdrawal symptoms. Varenicline tablets available only on prescription, suppresses the urge and inhibit the chemicals that produce the reinforcing response to smoking. Bupropion and e-cigarettes are the other alternative treatments. By and large, Smoking cessation programs have proven their efficacy while doing wonders for individuals who wish to quit.
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