In vitro fertilization (IVF) is described as the joining of a woman's egg and a man's sperm in a laboratory setting as In Vitro means outside the body and the fertilization means the sperm that has been attached to and entered the egg. Normally, an egg and sperm are fertilized inside a woman's body. If the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the womb and continues to grow, a baby is born about 9 months later thus this process is called natural or unassisted conception. The success rates for the IVF procedures may vary considerably by how the gynaecologist handles the case. This is a very important factor to consider in the IVF process. IVF pregnancy is done to help a woman become pregnant when the woman is of advanced age, or has damaged or blocked fallopian tubes. It can also be caused by pelvic inflammation. The male infertility factor includes decreased sperm count. A woman taking fertility medicines may have bloating, abdominal pain, mood swings, headaches, and other side effects. Many IVF medicines must be given by injection often several times a day and these repeated injections could cause severe bruising and pain for the patient. There is also a risk of multiple pregnancies when more than one embryo is placed into the womb therefore carrying more than one baby at a time increases the risk of premature birth and low birth weight of the infant that requires special care.
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