There are many side effects and complications that can emanate from Diabetes Mellitus. One of the complications hits the eyes and is known as Diabetic Retinopathy. The symptoms may be pretty mild and can go on to cause complete vision impairment in the long run. Spots and the appearance of dark threads are some of the most common symptoms.
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Diabetic retinopathy is best diagnosed by an ophthalmologist with a dilated eye exam. For this exam, drops placed in your eyes widen (dilate) your pupils to allow your doctor to better view inside your eyes. The drops may cause your close vision to blur until they wear off, several hours later.
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATED?
Treatment, which depends largely on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is, is geared to slowing or stopping progression of the condition.If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy or macular edema, you'll need prompt surgical treatment. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include:
1.Focal laser treatment
2. Scatter laser treatment
DID YOU KNOW?
Diabetes retinopathy is a systemic disease and an ocular manifestation of diabetes that occurs in about 80% of people who have had diabetes for over 20 years. The longer you have diabetes, the greater will be your risk of developing this condition.