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Retinitis Pigmentosa is a an inherited, degenerative eye disease that leads to severely impaired vision. For people affected with Retinitis Pigmentosa, the rod photoreceptor cells in the retina are damaged. The initial symptoms of the disease manifest based on the age. The diagnosis may occur anytime from infancy to late childhood. Symptoms are:
• Decreased vision at night or low light
• Difficulty in moving around in the dark
• Loss of peripheral vision
• Tunnel vision
• Loss of central vision that affects the ability to read
HOW IS RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists examine your eye and evaluate your symptoms during diagnosis. Various tests for evaluating the retina are colour test, ophthalmoscopy, intraocular pressure, electroretinogram, pupil reflex response, retinal photography and slit lamp examination
HOW IS RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA TREATED?
There is no effective treatment for this condition. Wearing sunglasses to protect the retina from ultraviolet light may help preserve vision. A randomized, controlled trial of vitamins A and E found that 15,000 IU a day of vitamin A palmitate could slow the course of the condition among adults with typical forms of RP.Vitamin E, however, at a 400 IU a day dose appeared to have an adverse effect on the course of RP in the same study. Another study among adult patients with RP has shown that an omega-3-rich diet containing docosahexaenoic acid can further slow disease progression.
DID YOU KNOW?
However, in spite of controlling this disease to a certain extent, blindness cannot be prevented in the long run.