Panic is a sudden sensation of fear, which is so strong as to dominate or prevent reason and logical thinking, replacing it with overwhelming feelings of anxiety and frantic agitation consistent with an animalistic fight-or-flight reaction. Panic may occur singularly in individuals or manifest suddenly in large groups as mass panic. A panic attack may be a one-time occurrence, but many people experience repeat episodes. Panic attacks may occur as part of another disorder, such as panic disorder, social phobia, or depression.
HOW IS PANIC DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will ask for details of symptoms and ask questions to diagnose the situation. People with panic disorder may have:
• Sudden and repeated attacks of fear
• A feeling of being out of control during a panic attack
• An intense worry about when the next attack will happen
• A fear or avoidance of places where panic attacks have occurred in the past
• Physical symptoms during an attack, such as a pounding or racing heart, sweating, breathing problems, weakness or dizziness, feeling hot or a cold chill, tingly or numb hands, chest pain, or stomach pain.
HOW IS PANIC TREATED?
The foremost method of treatment includes therapy. CBT or cognitive behavioural therapy is one of the most commonly used forms of therapy that involves discussion with the patient to reach the root cause of the problem and reprogram the patient’s attitude accordingly.
DID YOU KNOW?
Panic is not really a problem in itself but because of the high levels of stress it causes, it could lead to serious health issues.