Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is a vision development disorder in which an eye fails to achieve normal visual acuity, even with prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. It generally develops from birth up to age 7 years. It is the leading cause of decreased vision in one eye among children. If it goes untreated, temporary or permanent loss of vision can occur. This can include loss of both depth perception and 3D vision.
HOW IS LAZY EYE DIAGNOSED?
The doctor will conduct a thorough eye exam, checking for eye health, a wandering eye, a difference in vision between the eyes or poor vision in both eyes. Eye Drops are generally used to dilate the eyes. The method used to test vision depends on child's age and stage of development:
• Preverbal children. A lighted magnifying device can be used to detect cataracts. Other tests can assess an infant or toddler's ability to fixate his or her gaze and to follow a moving object.
• Children ages 3 and older. Tests using pictures or letters can assess the child's vision. Each eye is patched in turn to test the other.
HOW IS LAZY EYE TREATED?
The sooner you start treatment for lazy eye, the better results will be. The commonly followed treatment methods are: corrective eyewear, eye patches, Bangerter filter and eye drops. For children for whom eyes wander apart, corrective surgery is usually performed.
DID YOU KNOW?
If left untreated, this could be a lifelong problem.