Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is a disorder associated with the bone marrow when the marrow does not produce enough quantity of red blood cells leading to acute anaemia. This is a life threatening condition. Symptoms of this condition are similar to other cases of anaemia with pale skin being the most prominent symptom. There can be severe fatigue, rapid heartbeat, heart murmurs as well. People with this condition often have some similar physical characteristics such as a short stature, cleft, thumb abnormality, low bone density, cardiac and kidney problems.
HOW IS DIAMOND-BLACKFAN ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A condition of hematology, the diagnosis can be made with a complete blood count. Genetic screenings as well as bone marrow biopsy can be conducted to diagnose the condition.
HOW IS DIAMOND-BLACKFAN ANEMIA TREATED?
DBA patients can live long and healthy lives with appropriate medical treatment. The two most common forms of treatment are blood transfusion therapy and corticosteroid medication. Some DBA patients are in remission and need no medical treatment. Other DBA patients may choose to undergo the risky procedure of a stem cell transplant.
DID YOU KNOW?
DBA patients have a modest risk of developing leukemia and other malignancies.