Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder. It causes unusual changes in mood and energy which affect activity levels. The change ranges from extremely happy and energised behavior known as manic episodes to very sad and hopeless periods known as depressive episodes. Mild manic periods are called as hypomanic episodes. The four basic types of bipolar disorder are Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymic Disorder, Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders. Signs and symptoms: • Intense emotion • Changes in sleep patterns • Changes in activity levels • Unusual behaviours
HOW IS BIPOLAR DISORDER DIAGNOSED?
General physician may conduct physical exam to rule out other conditions. Mental health evaluation is also performed and in a severe case, the patient may be referred to a trained mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist.
HOW IS BIPOLAR DISORDER TREATED?
The treatment of Bipolar disorder helps many people gain better control of their mood swings and other bipolar symptoms. An effective treatment plan usually includes a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is another method to help treat the disorder.
DID YOU KNOW?
Bipolar disorder causes suicidal tendencies and hence should be diagnosed early for proper treatment