A medical procedure to replace a bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by a disease is known as the Stem Cell Transplant Treatment or a bone marrow transplant. The destruction could have been either due to an underlying infection or due to chemotherapy when treating the cancerous cells. The procedure involves transplanting blood stem cells from a donor. The blood stem cells travel to the bone marrow where they reproduce new blood cells and promote the growth of the new marrow. Bone marrow is nothing but a fatty spongy tissue found inside the bone. They are the natural stimulants that create the red blood cells and white blood cells and platelets. Bone marrow cancer can hamper the natural process of this creation leading to severe complications in a human body. The transplant replaces the damaged stem cells with healthy cells. This helps the body to make enough white blood cells, platelets, or red blood cells to avoid infections over a period of time. Stem Cell Transplant Treatment can be of two ways: Autologous Transplants and Allogeneic Transplants. The radiologist and the pathologist would be the best persons to determine the type of marrow to use. In autologous transplants, the person's own stem cells are used. The healthy cells are stored in cell banks before the chemotherapy, or the medication takes place. In an Allogeneic transplant, a donor cell structure is used. Both the types of treatment have their own advantages and disadvantages. These falls under one of the major surgery, and it could be years for the complete recovery to take place.
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