Appendix is a vestigial organ situated at the junction of the small intestine and large intestine in the digestive system. A vestigial organ is the one that is there due to evolutionary changes but has no role to play.
Inflammation of the appendix causes Appendicitis which is a very painful condition and can be called a ‘medical emergency’ which prompts that surgical removal of appendix is the only option. If left untreated, the appendix might burst and spill harmful material and infectious fluids into the abdominal cavity. This can have serious repercussions unless treated with very strong antibiotics. In order to avoid major complications, the doctor would prescribe an immediate surgery to treat Appendicitis. It should not be delayed. Generally, people aged between ten to thirty years report this condition.
Causes of Appendicitis:
Appendicitis is caused by a blockage of appendix by a foreign body (stone, bullet, pin, etc.), stool, pus, tumor, or cancer. It can also be caused by any infection in the body which can make the organ swell. Appendicitis may also result due to abdominal trauma or injury.
There are generally two types of Appendicitis: Acute and Subacute Appendicitis:
Acute Appendicitis: This type of Appendicitis is marked by severe, intolerable abdominal pain which worsens very quickly, usually in a matter of few hours.
Subacute Appendicitis: This type of Appendicitis is characterized by recurrent but mild abdominal pain which starts and subsides on its own initially, so much so that the patient and the doctor do not realize the actual problem until it changes into Acute Appendicitis.
Symptoms of Appendicitis:
Some of the most common symptoms of Appendicitis are:
Sudden pain near the upper abdomen or navel may intensify. Pain may get worse on movement like while walking or coughing.
Continuous light fever.
Abdominal swelling and cramps.
Since the symptoms are very vague and are like those of other ailments of the bladder, intestinal infections, and gastroenteritis, it is often tricky to accurately diagnose Appendicitis at once. Following are the tests for diagnosing Appendicitis:
Abdominal examination to check inflammation.
Blood test to check if there is any infection.
An ultrasound to examine swelling in the appendix.
A CT scans.
Appendicitis is treated by surgically removing the appendix. This surgery is called Appendectomy. It can be performed as an open surgery in which a larger incision is required; or, by laparoscopy which involves very minor incision and hence heals very quickly without causing much pain or scars. But, in the case of ruptured appendix, an open Appendectomy must be performed so that the abdominal cavity can be cleaned up too.
Post- Operative Care:
An open Appendectomy may take a month or longer to heal fully, but a laparoscopic procedure usually takes not more than three weeks at the maximum to heal completely. Following are some of the post-operative care:
Avoid strenuous physical activity to prevent stitches from getting undone. Also, do not stretch the body too much.
If the pain-killers do not help much, consult the doctor immediately.
Do not overwork. Have a sound sleep but stay active by attempting short walks.
Appendicitis can escalate and progress very quickly causing life-threatening complications. It is therefore advisable to quickly go for Appendectomy as soon as it is established that this is the actual problem.
Dark circles are a pesky reality for a large section of the population today. The main culprits are sleep deprivation, which stems from stress- a menace that we all have to live with. But you can easily eliminate this problem with Platelet Rich Plasma treatment.
What causes dark circles?
When you don’t get enough sleep, your blood flow is interrupted. It makes the skin underneath your eyes pallid and the blood vessels and the darker tissues under the skin become visible through the translucent skin. Fluids build up and make the darkness underneath more prominent.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) treatment is an alternative to other more harmful procedures like dermal fillers, laser resurfacing or topical creams for tightening and removing the pigmentation under the eye. PRP is a regenerative procedure. The procedure is fast and simple. The doctor draws a sample of the patient's blood. The blood is then processed. The plasma, rich in platelets, is isolated and then re-injected into the orbital region of the eye. Dark circles can be the result of unhealthy skin. PRP promotes the growth and development of collagen, new cells and elastin. This leads to the formation of new and healthy skin and tissues. The whole procedure takes around two hours. And you do not need to be hospitalized for it. You can go back home as soon as the procedure is completed.
You will not see the effect of the PRP treatment as quickly as other procedures like dermal fillers as the body takes a few days to absorb the new material. You can see results only after at least three sessions spaced out by two to three months.
In most people, this procedure is an absolute success because it completely eliminates dark circles. But the extent of the success depends on how well your body reacts to the therapy. It's not just dark circles that PRP cures, it also takes care of other signs of ageing like fine lines or wrinkles. So, with one procedure provides treatment for multiple problems.
Dark circles need not be a constant source of annoyance to you if you opt for PRP therapy. It is a non-invasive procedure that has no side effects and if you are patient, you will emerge from this treatment with pristine new skin and tissues that banish dark circles forever.
The anterior cruciate ligament (acl) is a rope like connective tissue that gives support and stability to the knee, along with other related tissues. If you do not repair it, you can still perform many functions, and carry on with your life with little difficulty. However, a surgery to correct the ligament tear is recommended if you do not want the injury to impede your sporting activities and want a 100% normal knee.
The acl reconstruction surgery can be performed in two ways, the arthroscopic method with incisions in the front and the new one which is more cosmetic and has lesser complications. Both of which you will find detailed below.
The latter is a wiser and more popular decision, and you will require a suitable surgeon well versed in the newer technique to perform the operation.
Acl reconstruction surgery involves the following steps-
Surgeons are increasingly favouring acl reconstruction nowadays. The reasons for that are-
Make sure you know your requirements and seek out a physician accordingly!
Being told that your child needs a liver transplant may be scary but the truth is that this surgery has a very high success rate. Most children who have had a liver transplant lead long, healthy lives. Here are 10 facts you should know about pediatric liver transplants.
Fact 1 - Liver transplant is usually the last resort.
Doctors advise a liver transplant only when medication and other types of therapies fail to provide desired results. Hence, do not ignore the doctor’s advice if they say the child needs a transplant.
Fact 2 - A liver biopsy may be needed before a liver transplant
Not every child is a viable candidate for a liver transplant. Hence, a biopsy is usually conducted to check the child’s candidacy for the transplant.
Fact 3 - Children are scored along the MELD and PELD system to determine the urgency of a transplant
This stands for the Model for Endstage Liver Disease (MELD) scoring system and Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease (PELD) scoring system. The higher the score, the more urgent the need for a transplant.
Facts 4 - It may take a while for a donor liver to become available
Most donor livers come from recently deceased persons. Depending on the urgency of the child’s condition, the child will be placed on the waiting list for a donor liver. This can take anywhere from a few days to a few months.
Fact 5 - The only part of a healthy liver is transplanted to the child.
In the case of children, only part of the liver is transplanted as their liver has not yet reached its full size. Often a healthy liver will be partially transplanted to a child and partially transplanted to an adult.
Fact 6 - The child’s family members can donate part of their liver for a child’s liver transplant.
Family members with the same blood type can donate part of their liver to the child.
Fact 7 - Liver transplant surgery is performed under general anaesthesia.
This surgery is performed while the child is under general anaesthesia and hence he or she will not feel anything during the procedure.
Fact 8 - Your child may have to be hospitalized for a few weeks post-surgery
Children are usually hospitalized for a few weeks after the surgery so that the doctor can keep an eye on how the body is reacting to the new organ.
Fact 9 - There is a chance your child’s body may reject the donor organ
In some cases, the child’s body identifies the transplanted organ as an antibody and rejects it. Medication can help reduce the risk of this happening.
Fact 10 - Regular check-ups are needed after a transplant
Check-ups are required to check for any complications that may arise post-surgery. Eventually, this is needed only once or twice in the year.
People with bulging waistlines no longer need to undergo a surgical liposuction technique. There are non-surgical procedures available now that can bring down abdominal fat.
Procedure of Non-Surgical Tummy Tuck:
The procedure involves two processes: fat reduction and skin tightening. It is also known as sculpting.
Fat Reduction: The first step in this type of treatment is Fat Reduction. The procedure for fat reduction in a non-surgical tummy tuck is done by working on fat cells. This is done by specialised devices which exclusively target fat cells and don’t disturb the surrounding tissue. Once the procedure is over, the lymphatic system metabolizes it. However, this takes time. Some doctors also do it by melting the fat with laser . The technique may differ depending upon the amount of fat and other health conditions of the body.
Skin Tightening: During or after the reduction of fat, the skin gets saggy and bulgy. Skin tightening helps tighten the sagging skin. This can be done by using radio frequency, laser , or ultrasound. All these techniques induce collagen production helping in tightening of the skin.
Despite all the technical excellence and promising results, it is natural for any aspiring candidate to ask as to how long does the result of such tummy tuck last.
The similarity between a surgical tummy tuck and a non-surgical tummy tuck is that in both cases fat has to be worked upon and the skin has to be tightened.
However, the procedure and processes differ. Candidates aspiring to remove fat from their waistline or other areas and achieve a sporty belly need to know that it is difficult to maintain the results of even a surgical tummy tuck, if there is a fluctuation in lifestyle and diet.
This implies that the candidate has to maintain a stable weight after the procedure in order to achieve long term effects One also needs to follow a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and abstain from snacking, smoking, and drinking. If a person can do that, he/she can achieve long term results.
Whether it is surgical or non-surgical fat reduction or skin tightening, it is always advisable to consult an experienced and skilled Medical Practitioner. If a person goes back to his or her old lifestyle and does not do anything to maintain his weight and diet, the bulge in the treated area may return. The result of such treatment depends on the maintenance of weight and lifestyle to a large extent. Visit your nearest and reputed Medical Cosmetologist to understand what suits you best.
Abdominal pain is serious and a very common problem. Commonly known as stomach aches, the treatment is generally symptom based. The symptoms of abdominal pain are commonly found in school going children. It is a discomfort in which children faces pain from the lower chest to distal groin. The pain can be dull, cramps and may be sharp. The main cause of abdominal pain is constipation. The recurrent pain in abdomen is very common in children. This is not a serious problem, but should be prevented than cured. The most common symptoms, causes and prevention are discussed below in the article.
Symptoms of Recurrent abdomen pain:
How can you conclude the real reason behind recurrent abdominal pain:
A stool test can be conducted to know the reason behind the pain like lactose intolerance or amoebiasis or worms. Ultrasonography of the abdomen should be done to rule out any other pathology like mesenteric lymphadenitis. Diagnostic laparoscopy can be done if recurrent abdominal pain persists even after dietary modification, treating the constipation and deworming the child.
How can you treat recurrent abdominal pain:
There are many ways to treat recurrent abdominal pain as discussed in the first paragraph, the treatment depends on the symptoms and intensity, according to which the treatment is chosen and corrective measures are conducted. Some of the general treatment includes:
INVO (intravaginal culture of oocytes), also called IVC (Intravaginal culture) is an abetted procedure of reproduction where early embryo development and oocyte fertilization are carried out inside a gas penetrable, air-free plastic tool or device that is placed into the maternal vaginal chamber for incubation. It is a device that helps the future mothers to participate in the evolution and growth of their own embryos present inside their body. The device is composed of an inner cavity with a protective outer rigid shell and a rotating valve.
It can be used for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cycles; whether with the mother's own eggs or any donor's eggs. It provides the same successful results as conventional treatments. It works in a very simple way:- when the requisite samples to produce embryos have been acquired or when the eggs have been impregnated in the laboratory, they together with culture medium are placed into the INVOcell device and then the device is inserted into the vagina of the mother and there it is kept for two to three days (for 72 hours culture period). Throughout this time, the mother can lead a practically normal life but she needs to elude taking bath, having intercourse or flying during those days on which she is wearing it.
When fertilisation takes place, it will be the mother's own heat which will supply the best conditions for the proper development of the embryos. Once they are set and ready, the doctor will remove the INVO from the mother's vagina to recover the embryos. The embryos are then evaluated under the microscope to choose the healthiest-looking ones to transfer them into the uterus. Within the uterus they will be embedded in order to begin developing.
Advantages of INVO are:
Disadvantages of INVO are:
The studies suggest that it could be a usable alternative choice for assisted reproduction.
Hair transplant surgery is a type of clinical procedure that involves the transfer of your scalp hair from a thickly populated to a sparsely populated region. The hair you already have on your head is shifted from one place to the other to give your head an even appearance in terms of hair growth and presence on the scalp. This procedure has great psychological benefits apart from the usual biological ones, as it boosts the patient’s confidence greatly.
There are multiple ways this surgery may be performed, and several tools accompanying every variant of the procedure.
• The FUT method - The Follicular Unit Strip Surgery or FUT method is one of the most popular surgical methods. In it, a small strip of skin is extracted from your scalp during surgery and grafts of hair, some small number from every part of the skin strip, are prepared.
• The FUE method - The Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) method involves shaving a small part of your scalp and extracting hair that was present in that part.
After the extraction part is complete, in both cases, the hairs obtained are re-inserted into other chosen areas of your scalp to facilitate hair growth and multiplication there.
Hair transplant tools: What are they and how many varieties are available?
All hair transplants, be it FUSS or FUE, are performed with a defined set of instruments. They are-
• Cole instrument - This is a fine variety of instrument, which provides added finesse in comparison to the others and hence comes at higher prices. The speciality of this is that the quality of grafts extracted never falters with it.
• Harris instrument - These are beneficial for FUE treatments. They can help even novice surgeons perform the technique with ease. The pressure required of the instrument, semi-hard, is exactly what can be expected from the Harris variety. These instruments also come in handy during DHTs (Direct Hair Transplants).
• Carl Zeiss Loupes - The speciality of this type of devices is the ease of working they provide. That comes in very helpful in case of a surgery like hair transplant, which is a long and meticulousness-demanding surgical process. It helps doctors working without exhaustion for longer periods of time.
Hair transplant is a procedure that has been around for ages in the field of medical science. However, the process has advanced by leaps and bounds technologically, with the advent of new surgical tools. Opt for the one you find most suited to your desired type of surgery, and locate a clinic that specializes in the use of those.
Hitting the gym and shedding a few pounds does good for health. Indeed, a person needs to do some exercise, in the gym or outside, to stay fit. But does that make a person completely healthy?
Health is a wholesome combination of physical and mental health. One needs to stay fit mentally as well as physically to stay completely healthy. Physical health and mental health are closely connected. In fact, good mental health can go a long way in ensuring good physical health.
Mental illnesses like anxiety, depression, etc. can affect the ability to participate in various social events. This can, in turn, give rise to various chronic diseases, and also bring down one's ability to recover from diseases. In a way, mental health is no less important than physical health. Satisfying emotional needs and cravings is also important, since that keeps the mental health strong.
One needs to attend to emotional needs. If a person doesn’t do that, the quality of life can suffer. A setback in quality of life can precipitate setbacks at work, as well as relationships.
All this can drag a person down in a spiral of emotional and consequent physical suffering.
Mental health refers to the overall psychological well-being of a person. It includes the way one feels about himself, the quality of his relationships, how he deals with difficulties as well as his ability to manage emotions and feelings.
Is Mental Health A Lesser Evil?
Mental health is not a lesser evil. The problem with mental health is that people usually take it for granted. The physical manifestation of a heart attack or a broken arm compels people to visit the doctor or get admission to a hospital. However, mental health problems rarely have such sudden emergency manifestations. There are symptoms, but people rarely ascribe an element of emergency to such symptoms. People don’t often recognize symptoms of mental health problems unless they are accompanied by physical symptoms.
Common Mental Health Problems with Physical Manifestations
Some mental health problems may show up as physical health problems. Problems like depression, stress, anxiety, etc. often give rise to fatigue, headaches, muscle tension, heartburn, stomach aches, lack of appetite, heart palpitations, insomnia, etc. Nevertheless, people often tend to disregard their emotional problems.
The Biggest Challenge
The biggest challenge is acknowledging the problem. Unfortunately, even at this age and time, mental health problems are associated with social stigma. This makes it difficult for people to acknowledge the problem and seek help to resolve it. In fact, people tend to interpret their own emotional problems as their weakness. This leads many people to seek solace and emotional well-being elsewhere. Most often their pursuit leads them to take alcohol and stay away from the problem. Little do they realize that alcohol cannot solve any problem, but can certainly lead to an increase in physical problems. The person needs to visit a psychologist to treat his mental health and not try to gulp down his feelings with glasses of alcohol.
Mental health is as important as physical health. This is why in case a person experiences any symptoms, he/she should immediately consult a counselor.