Tuberculous Meningitis is a nervous disorder that strikes the spinal cord and even some parts of the brain that leads to the central nervous system being affected by meningitis. The symptoms experienced include headache and fever and in most cases the symptoms develop gradually. The inflammation is brought about by the bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and the rupture in the brain and in the spine.
HOW IS TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
A lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is an important test in diagnosing meningitis. It is done to collect a sample of spinal fluid for examination. More than one sample may be needed to make the diagnosis. Other tests that may be done include:
• Biopsy of the brain or meninges
• Blood culture
• Chest x-ray
• CSF examination for cell count, glucose, and protein
• CT scan of the head
• Gram stain, other special stains, and culture of CSF
• Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of CSF
• Skin test for tuberculosis (PPD)
• Other tests to look for tuberculosis
HOW IS TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS TREATED?
The doctor may also prescribe medicines and systemic steroids. Steroids will reduce complications associated with the condition. Depending on the severity of the infection, treatment may last as long as 12 months. In some cases, one may need to receive treatment in the hospital.
DID YOU KNOW?
Some countries with a high incidence of TB give people a vaccine called BCG to prevent TB.