Anencephaly is a serious condition in which a major portion of the brain, skull and scalp are not formed during foetal development. It is a cephalic disorder that results from a neural tube defect where the rostral end of the tube fails to close. Infants with this defect usually die within a few hours of birth. A foetus with anencephaly is usually blind, deaf and unaware of its surroundings and unable to feel any pain. Reflex actions may occur in infants born with a main brain stem. Folic acid deficiency and heredity are held as primary causes of this condition.
HOW IS ANENCEPHALY DIAGNOSED?
Anencephaly can often be diagnosed before birth through an ultrasound examination. The maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein and detailed fetal ultrasound can be useful for screening for neural tube defects such as spina bifida or anencephaly.
HOW IS ANENCEPHALY TREATED?
Anencephaly is a rare but lethal condition, and there is no known remedy or treatment for it.
DID YOU KNOW?
Low folic acid intake during pregnancy can cause this ailment.