Viral fever refers to a wide range of viral infections, usually characterized by an increase in normal body temperature. It is quite common in children and old people due to lowered immunity. People suffering from these infections also experience body aches, skin rashes and headache. However, medications are available to treat viral fever, in some cases home remedies also help you out in dealing with the condition. Viral fever symptoms are many but most of them are so common medical conditions like fatigue, cough, sore throat etc. Generally, fatigue and body malaise, coupled with muscle aches, follow, and this combination of symptoms often indicate the onset of fever. The resulting fever may either be low or high grade and characterized by fluctuations. There will be visible inflammation of the pharynx, nasal congestion, severe headache, cough and cold, muscle and joint pains, and eye redness. Your lymph glands will also most likely swell. Treatment of viral fever is purely symptomatic with antipyretic and analgesic drugs. Bed rest and adequate fluid intake is advised. Nasal decongestants may be beneficial. Specific antiviral therapy is not routinely recommended. Steroids are not advised as it may lead to bacterial super-infection. Only in cases of super-infection do antibiotics need to be prescribed. It is important that antibiotics are NOT routinely used for prophylaxis. A general physician will avoid prescribing antibiotics as they are not very helpful in the treatment process. Complications of viral infections like pneumonia (viral or super-infection by bacteria) need to be addressed specifically by clearance of respiratory secretions and utilising ventilator assistance if hypoxia is severe. Symptoms of gastroenteritis should be managed with anti-motility agents. Most viral fevers recover completely in a week although fatigue may persist for a few weeks.
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