Vesicoureteral reflux is the abnormal flow of urine from your bladder back up the tubes (ureters) that connect your kidneys to your bladder. Normally, urine flows only down from your kidneys to your bladder. Vesicoureteral reflux can be primary or secondary. Children with primary vesicoureteral reflux are born with a defect in the valve that normally prevents urine from flowing backward from the bladder into the ureters. Secondary vesicoureteral reflux is due to a urinary tract malfunction, often caused by infection.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done through a scan or ultrasound. One does urine tests to check for other infection signs.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX TREATED?
UTIs are usually treated with antibiotics. When antibiotics don't work Vesicoureteral reflux is considered for further treatment through surgery. Surgery for vesicoureteral reflux repairs the defect in the functional valve between the bladder and each affected ureter that keeps it from closing and preventing urine from flowing backward. Methods of surgery include:
1. Open surgery
2. Robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery
3. Endoscopic surgery
DID YOU KNOW?
Certain home remedies such as drinking water helps in diluting urine and helps flushing out bacteria.