In Vesicoureteral Reflux, there is a backward flow of the urine from the bladder into the kidneys. It could be present from birth or may happen as Secondary VUR. The most common symptom here would be recurring UTI’s or urinary tract infections. Alongside, bloating in the stomach, feeling of constantly peeing, inability to urinate properly and also burning sensation when urinating happens.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX DIAGNOSED?
The most common tests used to diagnose VUR include
• Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG). This test can show abnormalities of the inside of the urethra and bladder.
• Radionuclide cystogram (RNC). RNC is more sensitive than VCUG but does not provide as much detail of the bladder anatomy.
• Abdominal ultrasound. An abdominal ultrasound can create images of the entire urinary tract, including the kidneys and bladder.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX TREATED?
Many children do not need treatment for vesicoureteral reflux. The ureters grow as a child gets older. Mild cases of VUR usually go away completely by the time a child is 5 years old. If treatment is needed, antibiotics, such as amoxicillin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (for example, Bactrim), are often prescribed. Surgery may be needed to repair more severe cases of VUR.
DID YOU KNOW?
Certain home remedies such as drinking water helps in diluting urine and helps flushing out bacteria.