Thyroid Cancer is the most common type of endocrine cancer. Thyroid Cancer occurs in the cells of the thyroid—a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. The thyroid gland is a part of the endocrine system and the endocrine system produces hormones that regulate the normal functions of the body. Although early Thyroid Cancer has no symptoms but as the cancer progresses, the following symptoms may occurs such as a lump in the throat, cough, hoarseness, pain in the throat and neck, difficulty swallowing and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
HOW IS THYROID CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will examine the neck and ask about any other symptoms such as unexplained hoarseness. A blood test known as a thyroid function test is used to check the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. An ultrasound scan of your neck can be used to check for a lump in your thyroid that could be caused by cancer. Biopsy, CT scan and MRI are other tests which may be recommended by the doctor.
HOW IS THYROID CANCER TREATED?
Treatment options depend on the type and stage of thyroid cancer and overall health.Most people with thyroid cancer undergo surgery to remove all or most of the thyroid (thyroidectomy) and lymph nodes of the neck.In addition, Thyroid hormone therapy ,Radioactive iodine therpay, External radiation therapy,Chemotherapy and Targeted drug therapy arealso recommended
DID YOU KNOW?
This cancer comes with the earliest of symptoms and thus along with being rare it also has a very good survival rate.