Osteosarcoma is a type of cancer that produces immature bone. It is the most common type of cancer that arises in bones, and it is usually found at the end of long bones, often around the knee. Most people diagnosed with osteosarcoma are under the age of 25, and it is thought to occur more often in males than females. Osteosarcoma can develop as a result of radiation to an area of the body. It can also be associated with specific genetic changes and diseases.
HOW IS OSTEOSARCOMA DIAGNOSED?
The early signs of osteosarcoma are caught on X-rays taken during routine dental check-ups as it frequently develops in the lower jaw.
HOW IS OSTEOSARCOMA TREATED?
The treatment will depend on the kind of tumour that is present in the patient’s body. While a high grade tumour will require many of months of chemotherapy, other tumours can also be removed without causing damage to the affected limbs or bones.
DID YOU KNOW?
The risk of infection and fracture is higher with bank bone replacement and therefore metal prostheses are more commonly used to reconstruct the bone after removal of the tumor. The possible complications may include:
• Limb removal
• Spread of cancer to the lungs
• Side effects of chemotherapy