Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissue. This results in symptoms such as inflammation, swelling, and damage to joints, skin, kidneys, blood, the heart, and lungs. Lupus can have many symptoms, and they differ from person to person. Some of the more common ones are
• Pain or swelling in joints
• Muscle pain
• Fever with no known cause
• Red rashes, most often on the face (also called the ""butterfly rash"")
• Chest pain when taking a deep breath
• Hair loss
• Pale or purple fingers or toes
• Sensitivity to the sun
• Swelling in legs or around eyes
• Mouth ulcers
• Swollen glands
• Feeling very tired
HOW IS LUPUS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnostic tools for lupus include:
• Medical history
• Complete physical exam
• Laboratory tests including complete blood count (CBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), urinalysis, blood chemistries, complement levels, ANA and other autoantibody tests
• Skin biopsy
• Kidney biopsy.
HOW IS LUPUS TREATED?
Lupus is treated through medication, antimalarial drugs and immunosuppressant medication.
DID YOU KNOW?
Lupus may be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are similar to other inflammatory ailments