HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It kills or damages the body's immune system cells. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the most advanced stage of infection. HIV most often spreads through unprotected sex with an infected person. It may also spread by sharing drug needles or through contact with the blood of an infected person. Women can give it to their babies during pregnancy or childbirth.
HOW IS HIV AIDS DIAGNOSED?
While there is no cure for HIV, it is advised to visit a Sexologist, General Physician or Ayurvedic Doctor to seek its diagnosis. HIV treatment can slow down the progression of the disease and its treatment will protect the immune system from getting severely damaged.
HOW IS HIV AIDS TREATED?
The treatment for HIV AIDS mainly consists of vaccinations using particular HIV vaccines that can fight and reduce the impact of the HIV virus. There is a lot of aftercare required to bring the patient back to normal and one should go by the recommendations of the doctor.
DID YOU KNOW?
HIV/AIDS is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse or bodily fluids and from mother to unborn child.
Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV was first seen in primates and which was then transferred to human beings when they came in contact with them. It has caused millions of death worldwide, with many millions more still suffering from this viral disease.
Since many a times the symptoms are mild or go unnoticed, the condition is often misdiagnosed as common infectious diseases that have similar and overlapping symptoms. In the first stage of infection, almost 40-90% cases encounter fever, tender lymph nodes, rash, headaches, and mouth and genital sores. The following asymptomatic stage is one that lasts for about eight years on an average, and up to about twenty years. The final stage is the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) stage. If infected people are not under appropriate treatment, more than half develop AIDS within a decade. With the immune system totally down and out in the last stage, the body is prey to virus-induced infections and cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma, which is the most common.
HIV is not transmitted via bodily fluids such as feces, saliva, sweat, urine, unless they’re tainted with infected blood. Sexual contact, from mother to child during pregnancy, labor and breastfeeding are some of the ways by which HIV can be transmitted.
HIV is usually diagnosed by conducting laboratory tests and observation of the symptoms. This testing stage is extremely vital for there are several people whose infection goes undetected until the very last stage of AIDS. The key to prevention of HIV is awareness drives to prevent the transmission of the virus from mother to child, of usage of condoms, of proper sterilization of needles, etc.
While there is no vaccine for HIV or AIDS, there is anti-retroviral therapy which is a cocktail of drugs belonging to different classes. Proper and continuous intake of this cocktail reduces the progression to AIDS, and the chance of early death. It also reduces the risk of getting tuberculosis.
More than being a condition that causes mass deaths, HIV has become chronic in many parts of the world. Deaths are usually caused when in combination with other infections like tuberculosis, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, cervical cancer, and Hepatitis C.
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