Also referred to as maxillofacial trauma, facial trauma or facial injuries are any physical injuries to the soft tissues of the face. This could involve burns, fractures, lacerations or bruises to facial bones. Eye injuries, nasal fractures and jaw injuries are the most common types of facial injuries. Most commonly these injuries occur during sports or recreational activities, road accidents, falls or physical fights. There may be sudden and severe pain, bruising and swelling at the site of the injury.
HOW IS FACIAL TRAUMA DIAGNOSED?
Facial trauma often being an emergency situation requires emergency diagnosis and treatment. C-rays are ordered by the general physician to locate the trauma. Angiography is used to locate the place of bleeding. CT scans are used for detecting skull fractures and multiple injuries.
HOW IS FACIAL TRAUMA TREATED?
Facial trauma treatment involves administering pain medications to reduce the swelling and pain. Treatment will depend upon the extent of damage and the location of the injury. Age, health conditions and other lifestyle aspects will be taken into consideration to suggest a treatment which may involve a cosmetic surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
Facial trauma could also be a warning sign of domestic abuse or physical violence and hence it could require legal interference too.